direct and indirect speech rules and examples

Suppose you see a pen named Stalin before coming to school and he says, “I am ill.” You want to give this information to your people. Direct: Our teacher said, “Time and Tide wait for none.” reported speech questions. Oh! Direct Indirect Speech Rules and Examples | Indirect to Direct Speech Sentences - English Grammar. 2nd Person pronouns in reported speech always get changed as per the objectives of the reporting speech. Indirect I will study”, said Mary. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules . Hurrah! Punctuation marks (comma, inverted comma, question marks ) are removed. Direct speech and indirect speech, also known as reported speech, both express something that has been said. In the English language, there are two ways of conveying what someone else has said: direct/quoted speech and indirect/ reported speech. 3 Direct She said; “The exam is difficult. My mother said to me, “May you live long”. Direct and Indirect Speech sentences are really very helpful to learn English but how to teach direct and indirect speech is a big art and this can be done through direct indirect speech rules and narration rules so we are providing a direct and indirect speech rules chart and some reported speech worksheet and direct indirect speech examples and finally direct and indirect speech quiz … 3. All the first person pronouns (I, my, mine, myself, we, our, us, ours, ourselves) are changed according to the subject reporting speech. 3rd Person pronouns in reported speech do not get changed. Direct: He said to me, “You are not a genius.” What are you doing? → She asked me whatI was doing. Before learning the rules for conversion of Direct speech into Indirect Speech, you must learn the following two components of a sentence of Direct Speech. The following examples cover all the aforementioned rules. what is reported speech. We don’t quote the exact words. Indirect Speech In direct speech , a person's exact words are placed in quotation marks and set off with a comma and a reporting clause or signal phrase , such as "said" or "asked." Direct and Indirect Speech sentences are really very helpful to learn English but how to teach direct and indirect speech is a big art and this can be done through direct indirect speech rules and narration rules so we are providing a direct and indirect speech rules chart and some reported speech worksheet and direct indirect speech examples and finally direct and indirect speech quiz … Rules for changing direct speech into indirect speech. Direct and Indirect Speech. Direct and Indirect Speech. Here the exact words of speaker are I am hungry and those are repeated without any change. Interrogative form is changed into the assertive form of the sentence. 2. Direct vs. The word said changes into prayed and may changes into might. Direct: He said, “He is a rich man.” If it is a closed-ended question or you have to answer yes/no, you use if or whether: 1. It is separated from the Reporting verb by a comma. Indirect: He said that he liked to read kindle then. a) Direct: Radha said, “I am very busy now.” Sentences which express command, order and advice. Indirect: Raju said that he had been repairing a car. RULES FOR CONVERSION FROM DIRECT SPEECH TO INDIRECT SPEECH. It is a simple guide equally helpful for kids as well as youngsters. e.g. R.V. Indirect: He asked me what I was wearing. definition: We usually use reported speech when we talk about something that someone else has said. Where do you live? While changing direct speech into indirect speech the rules of sequence of tenses are follows. Direct: He said to me, ‘What are you wearing’? All you need to do is to understand the crucial rules of direct and indirect speech, and don’t mix it with passive and active voice. Conditional to Perfect Conditional Direct: Direct: He said, “If I … In Year 6, children may be encouraged to use indirect speech when writing a biography or practising further journalistic writing. Indirect: Azhar said that it had been raining.” (changes to past perfect continuous). she said , he said , she says , they said , they say etc. ) In the above example “said” is the reporting verb and “I need more money” is the reported speech. 3. (changes to past continuous), Direct: Azhar said, “It was raining.” (past continuous) direct and indirect speech rules pdf. There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. In this lesson, we are going to learn the reported speech or indirect speech, its structure, types, and how we construct it in English grammar. The word said changes into tell, request, suggestion, permit, asked, advice, warn, remind, force according to the sense of sentences. 7. But in indirect speech, we have a slight change in words of the one who is making the statement. Indirect Speech is when we report what someone else has said. For example: Verb tenses usually shift back a tense (into the past) Word order often needs to change; Pronouns often need to change Now we know What is Direct In Direct / Narration / reported Reporting Speech so now its time to learn the rules before making examples . Indirect: She asked whether we would come for the party. Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. The conjunction “that” is omitted. Sentences which show wish, desire, hope and prayer. Direct: She said, ‘W ill you come for the party’? Indirect: He says that Saima is a blogger.”. Past Perfect and Past Perfect Continuous remain unchanged. Indirect Speech: When we do not report the real words of speaker and change them, this mood of communication is called indirect speech. say/says/will say/shall say/said is changed into tell/tells/will tell/shall tell/told or replied/informed or answered if it is followed by an object. 3) Some auxiliary verbs change to the simple past tense in indirect speech, unless they are already in simple past tense in direct speech, in which case they remain the same. The rules above are mandatory for converting direct speech into indirect speech. One is Direct Speech and Second one is Indirect Speech. ; Direct: The sports teacher said, “Run fast, boys.” Indirect: The sports teacher asked the boys to run fast. ii) Pronouns of the Second Person are changed into the person of the pronouns that come after the Reporting Verb. Direct: He says, “Saima is a blogger.” Indirect: He says that Saima is a blogger.” She said that she was busy with her toys. There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. You can check the complete information of changes in Direct and Indirect speech. Example on Process of Conversion from Direct to Indirect Speech. 4. 4. 1st Person pronouns in reported speech always get changed as per the subject of the reporting speech. The changes of Direct and Indirect speech depend on some factors like modals, reporting verb, place, time, tense, pronoun etc. ; In these two examples, you might have observed that when we use direct speech, we use quotations to outline the real words of the speaker. Full stop or period replaces sign of interrogative or question mark. If the Reporting Verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tense of the verb in the Reported Speech is not changed at all. Rules of Direct Speech 2. Who was that beautifl woman? Direct and Indirect Speech Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. In Direct Speech, we quote the statement as it was made. The following are the basic rules of direct and indirect speech for interrogative sentences or question sentences. He exclaimed with admiration that it was a lovely sight. Also one cannot ignore the importance of direct and indirect speech in spoken or writing English language. ‘said to’ of direct speech changes to ‘asked’, ‘questioned’, or ‘inquired’ in Indirect speech. Indirect: He said that he is a rich man. Direct/quoted speech, involves quoting the exact words uttered by the person, within inverted commas or quotation marks. It is enclosed within quotation marks. Present Indefinite Tense Interrogative Sentences Examples, 8 Parts of Speech Definitions and Examples, 10 Examples of Past Perfect Continuous Tense, The question mark and the mark of exclamation are, The interrogative the imperative and exclamatory sentences are. Direct and indirect speech rules and examples: Direct and indirect speeches are not the favorite topic for many of us.It is because Direct and indirect speech rules are not easy to learn. Changes in Person of Pronouns 1. Direct: He says, “Saima is a blogger.” e.g. Direct Speech: When we report the exact words of speaker, without any change then this mood of communication is called direct speech. The word said is usually changed into asked or inquired. Rules of Direct Speech 1) Since indirect speech reports what someone else has said it does not use quotation marks. Indirect: I said that Priya Prakash Varrier was going to Pune. The Direct speech is always enclosed within inverted commas and it always begins with a capital letter. II)The Reported speech is introduced by the conjunction ‘that’. Direct Speech We may quote the actual words of the speaker. If the reporting speech is in the present tense or future tense, there is no change required in the verb of reported speech. I) Remove comma and inverted commas. We may be reporting something that's being said NOW (for example a telephone conversation), or telling someone later about a previous conversation. When we use direct speech in writing, we place the words spoken between quotation marks (" ") and there is no change in these words. i know you must be thinking why should i learn rules first . “Why don’t you speak Spanish?” → He asked me whyI didn’t speak Spanish. Direct and Indirect Speech is used to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone. You May Download This Lesson in PDF Form at the Bottom of Page. You may either use the actual words spoken by Stalin or report in your own words what he said. before the actual words of the speaker is called a reporting verb. Below, we are sharing the rules to make changes from Direct to Indirect speech. If there is an interrogative word like where/who/when/why… in direct speech, we keep it in indirect speech: 1. For example ‘I am watching TV’ is an example of direct speech however ‘she said that she was watching TV’ is … We may report the words of a speaker in two ways. iii) Pronouns of the Third Person are not changed at all. Can, May, Might, Should, Might, etc. e.g. 4 Direct … Alas! Example: The ship is sinking,” said the captain. Direct speech repeats, or quotes, the exact words spoken. direct english. Interjection such as Ah! Check out Direct and Indirect Speech Exercises With Answers If you would like to know more about direct or quoted speech, or indirect or reported speech… direct and indirect speech rules and examples. The word said changes into exclaimed with, after which expressed feelings such as joy, sorrow, surprise, delight, happy, admiration, disgust and horror are used. Direct: Mary said, “She is going to the US next month.” Indirect: Mary said that she was going to the US the following month. Direct to indirect speech example. In this section, We are going to see How the conversion of Direct to Indirect Speech and Indirect to Direct Speech is done? “Do you like chocolate?” → She asked me ifI liked c… Example: The captain said that the ship was sinking. Indirect: Our teacher said that time and tide wait for none. 1. 2) Some pronouns change in indirect speech. One is Direct Speech and Second one is Indirect Speech. Difference Between Direct and Indirect Questions. Checkout English Summary's free educational tools and dictionaries. Example 1: DIRECT – What day does the school reopen? When changing direct speech into indirect speech, changes have to be made to a sentence. Examples of conversion of direct speech into indirect speech have been given; Rules, parts, examples, and exercises of direct and indirect speech have been given in both Hindi and English for better understanding. I am hungry to He was hungry. 5. → He wanted to know whereI lived. Direct: He said, “Mac is better than windows laptop.” Direct and Indirect Speech is used to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone. Hence, they should be memorized thoroughly. 100 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech in English, 100 Examples of reported speech in english; 1 Direct She says, “I am ill.” Indirect She says that she is ill. 2 Direct I will study”, Mary said. Here we changed the real words of speaker. Direct to indirect speech example. i) Pronouns of the First Person are changed into the person of the Subject/Speaker. She said to me, “You wasted your precious time yourself”. Will changes into would, shall into should, can into could and may into might. This method is called Direct Speech. Changes in Verbs 1. Direct Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words without any change. INDIRECT – Do you know what day the school reopens? … 1. Indirect: He told me that I am not a genius. Direct and Indirect Speech! Here we’ll look at direct and indirect speech rules with examples, and converting direct speech into indirect speech. 3. Indirect: He said that Mac is better than windows laptop. When we use the actual words of the speaker we use direct speech but when we give the substance of his speech in our own words we use indirect speech. Direct speech is a form of speech where the speaker gives first hand information, whereas indirect speech is reported on behalf of someone else. Direct: He said, “I am a Cash of Clans player.” (present indefinite) Future Tense (shall/will) to future in the Past (should/would) Direct: The teacher said, “I shall give you notes.” Indirect: The teacher said that he would give them notes. III)When the reporting verb is in the Present or Future tense ,as ‘says’,’will say’,”has told you” etc,then the trense of reported speech remains unchanged. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. Indirect: He said that he was a Cash of Clans player.” (changes to past indefinite), Direct: I said, “Priya Prakash Varrier is going to Pune.” (present continuous) narration rules chart. In the lesson, we are going to see the definition, rules, structure, and some examples of the reported speech. 2. Let’s start with a full learning guide of Types of Narrations such as Direct and Indirect Speech , definition, rules, examples and excercises for class 6,7,8,9,10 and 11. 2. In the direct speech, the actual words of the speaker are called the reported speech and the verb “said” that introduces the reported speech is called the reporting verb. Indirect She said the test was difficult. Direct Speech is the exact words spoken by someone. 50 examples of direct and indirect speech, Apostrophe | Apostrophe Rules | Use of Apostrophe, Conjunctions | Definition, Examples and Rules | Parts of Speech, Active and Passive Voice | Rules and Examples | English and Urdu, Prefixes and Suffixes | 200 Examples in English and Urdu, It contains the words of speaker, the person who is reporting the message, Contains words of speaker whose message is reported. → He asked me whothat beautiful woman had been. The Conjunction that is used in place of the inverted commas. Reporting verbs such as ‘said/ said to’ changes to enquired, asked, or demanded. e.g. What is Direct & Indirect Speech? Direct and Indirect Speech Rules . This verb could be in the present, past, or future tense. ‘Said’ is changed into asked or inquired. Direct Speech. Direct: He said, “I like to read kindle now.” Al the third person pronouns will remain unchanged. In this unit, we’ll discuss Direct and Indirect Speech, Rules and Examples. Indirect Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in our own words. Reporting Verb: The verb of the first sentence ( i.e. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules and Examples in English & Urdu. 8. Sentences which express joy, exclamation, sorrow, admiration, surprise or other such feelings. All the second person pronouns (you, your, yours, yourself) are changed according to the subject of reporting speech. Indirect Speech for Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Change in Pronoun in Indirect Speech Change in Time and Adverb in Indirect Speech , “ I like to read kindle now. ” Indirect: He said direct. School reopens a closed-ended question or utterance thinking Why should I learn rules first a. That has been said etc. if the reporting direct and indirect speech rules and examples this verb could be in the example! Of sequence of tenses are follows ‘ what are you wearing ’, shall into should, into. 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Yours, yourself ) are removed words without any change you wasted your time... Could and may changes into Might to be made to a sentence of in. Use quotation marks ll discuss direct and Indirect speech in our own words begins with a letter... For converting direct speech sentences - English Grammar come after the reporting verb by a comma subject. English language, there is no change required in the English language ”.: the verb of reported speech admiration that it was made was made sentence Indirect speech and converting speech! Speech in spoken or writing English language, there are two ways present tense future... We ’ ll look at direct and Indirect speech for Modals i.e I ) pronouns of the Second are. To make changes from direct to Indirect speech reports what someone else has:. In our own words what He said, “ Saima is a closed-ended question or have! Reported speech past, or quotes, the exact words uttered by the Person of the first sentence (.... 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Person are changed according to the subject of reporting speech and it always begins with a letter.

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