how to calculate theoretical yield of aspirin

Using the starting mass of Salicylic acid, use stoichiometry to calculate the theoretical yield of aspirin. Step 3: Work out the calculated mass of the aspirin. Percent yield expresses the amount of product obtained compared to the amount of product expected if the experiment had been performed perfectly. Each acid molecule contains one proton, 5Show steps plz You have 15.0 mL of an acidic solution. [C=12, O=16, H=1] From the equation we see that moles of salicylic acid = moles of ethanoic anhydride. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. 3-How do your experimentally determined melting points compare to the known literature values? Step 5: Find the Percentage Yield. Calculate the theoretical yield of aspirin if you start with 3.0gof salicylic acid and 8.0ml of acetic anhydride. Limiting reaction is salicylic acid since it has less moles Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Create your account, mass of salicylic acid ({eq}\rm C_7H_6O_3{/eq}), {eq}m_{sal} = \rm 2.0\:g{/eq}. 0.05289 moles of acetic anhydride The molar mass of salicylic acid and aspirin are 138.12 g/mol and 180.16 g/mol, respectively. Theoretical Yield Example: How to calculate theoretical yield of aspirin, an experiment in which you prepare acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) from salicylic acid, and you know from the balanced equation for aspirin synthesis in which the mole ratio between the limiting reactant (salicylic acid) and the product (acetylsalicylic acid) is 1:1. How many moles of HCl are represented by 1.0... What might be the result if you did not allow the... Elemental phosphorus reacts with chlorine gas... Potassium chromate, a bright yellow solid, is... Ethyl butyrate, CH3CH2CH2CO2CH2CH3, is an... Show all the work. (180.157 g/mol) (0.01448 mol) = 2.608g of aspirin So there are 0.01448 moles of aspirin? answer! of a product. M r salicylic acid = (7 x 12) + (6 x 1) + (3 x 16) = 138 Calculate the theoretical yield, the number of grams of product that would form if every mole of limiting reagent were converted 100% to product. For the Aspirin: - Theoretical Yield = moles of aspirin x molar mass of aspirin = 0.0145 mole x 180.16g/mole = 2.61 g of aspirin Percent Yield = Actual Yield x 100% Theoretical Yield = 1.27g x 100 % 2.61g = 48.7 % of aspirin. Calculate the theoretical yield of aspirin if you started with 1.75g of salicylic acid. 2.608g is the theoretical yield of aspirin, 75,348 students got unstuck by CourseHero in the last week, Our Expert Tutors provide step by step solutions to help you excel in your courses. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal It can be calculated from: the balanced chemical equation theoretical yield of aspirin MINS | Uncategorised. Synthesize methyl salicylate (oil of wintergreen) in a medium-sized test-tube from 0.5g yield. The reaction, using molecular formulas is C7H6O3 + C4H6O3 --> C9H8O4 + C2H4O2. So for one mole of salicylic acid used one mole of aspirin is used too. = 0.0428 mol. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Each acid molecule con, #1 a buffer is prepare from hypochlorous acid (HCIO) and sodium hypochlorite (NaCIO). © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Introducing Textbook Solutions. Transfer this powder to the vial and find the weight of the vial and the Aspirin. For the synthesis of aspirin, how do you calculate the percent yield if the reaction produces 4.70 grams of aspirin. If 24, The water-dissociation equilibrium constant, K w , is (at 25 0 C) Several definitions have been found to be useful: pOH = -log [OH - ] pKw = -log K w. Theoretical yield of NaCl in grams = 9.93 grams. Calculate the theoretical yield of aspirin if you start with 2.687 g of salicylic acidand an excess of acetic anhydride. grams of aspirin expected = 0.0291 moles x 180.16 g/mol = 5.24 grams = … All rights reserved. share. The density of acetic anhydride is 1.08 g/ml C7H6O3 + C4H6O3 C9H8O4 + C2H4O2 check_circle Expert Answer. Calculate the theoretical yield of aspirin to be obtained when 2.0 g of salicylic acid and 5.0 mL of acetic anhydride (density = 1.08 g/mL) are mixed together. The molar mass of aspiring is 180.2 g/mol. For a limited time, find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE! Learn how to calculate theoretical yield easily. The solution contains an unknown quantity of an unknown Brønsted acid. So for one mole of salicylic acid used one mole of aspirin is used too. The limiting reagent and the excess reagent(s) are two types of reactants that react together in a chemical reaction to form products. Example: Start with 0.027moles of aspirin (limiting reagent) going to 0.027moles of salicylic acid. Calculate the theoretical yield of aspirin if you start with 2.687 g of salicylic acidand an excess of acetic anhydride. So, 180 gm aspirin can be generated from 138 gm salicylic acid. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. hide. Theoretical yield of NaCl in grams = theoretical yield in moles × molar mass of NaCl. This video shows you how to calculate the theoretical and percent yield in chemistry. MM aspirin = (9 x 12 grams) + (8 x 1 grams) + (4 x 16 grams) MM aspirin = 108 grams + 8 grams + 64 grams MM aspirin = 180 grams MM sal = (7 x 12 grams) + (6 x 1 grams) + (3 x 16 grams) MM sal = 84 grams + 6 grams + 48 grams MM sal = 138 grams save. The theoretical yield. that can be made in a chemical reaction. Molecular mass salicylic acid = 138.118 g/mol The solution contains an unknown quantity of an unknown Brønsted acid. Theoretical yield calculator is the best tool to determine the exact efficiency of the Chemical reaction. Molecular mass of aspirin = 180.157 g/mol Aspirin or acetylsalicylic acid is made by reacting salicylic acid with a base. therefore 180.2 g/mol* 0.014 mol = 2.52 g So there are 0.01448 moles of aspirin? Become a Study.com member to unlock this The solution's density is 1.016 g/mL. This gives a decimal number, in which needs to be multiplied by a hundred to get the yield percentage [4]. It contains 0.075 mol of the acid and 0.055 mol of the base in 2, An aqueous solution is 2.65M in tartaric acid (). Question. I do not necessarily need the actual number I just really need a refresher on how to do this problem. Is this correct? ------------------------------------------------------------- 14.2a Percentage yield of the product of a reaction. anhy = 0.0428 mol x (1 mol sal.acid / 1 mol acet.anhy.) molality-4.29 Please find the mole fraction of tartaric acid, 1) A 60.00 g sample made of a mixture of unspecified non-reactive filling material and sodium hydroxide is titrated with 0.1500 M sulfuric acid. report. Get step-by-step explanations, verified by experts. Thank You. moles of aspirin expected = 0.0291 since you get 1 mole aspirin from 1 moles SA. (121.2 ÷ 130.5 × 100) gives us the value of percent yield to be 92.873. Limiting Reactant: Definition, Formula & Examples, Molar Volume: Using Avogadro's Law to Calculate the Quantity or Volume of a Gas, Collision Theory: Definition & Significance, Calculating Reaction Yield and Percentage Yield from a Limiting Reactant, Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures: Calculating Partial & Total Pressures, Boyle's Law: Gas Pressure and Volume Relationship, The Kinetic Molecular Theory: Properties of Gases, Rate of a Chemical Reaction: Modifying Factors, Charles' Law: Gas Volume and Temperature Relationship, Calculating Molarity and Molality Concentration, The Activity Series: Predicting Products of Single Displacement Reactions, The pH Scale: Calculating the pH of a Solution, Gay-Lussac's Law: Gas Pressure and Temperature Relationship, Effect of Intermolecular Forces on Physical Properties, Mole-to-Mole Ratios and Calculations of a Chemical Equation, The Octet Rule and Lewis Structures of Atoms, General Chemistry Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans, Organic & Inorganic Compounds Study Guide, Praxis Chemistry (5245): Practice & Study Guide, Science 102: Principles of Physical Science, DSST Principles of Physical Science: Study Guide & Test Prep, Principles of Physical Science: Certificate Program, High School Physical Science: Help and Review, Glencoe Chemistry - Matter And Change: Online Textbook Help, Biological and Biomedical volume of acetic anhydride ({eq}\rm C_4H_6O_3{/eq}), {eq}V =... Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. Step 4: From the formula, % Yield = (Actual Yield/Theoretical yield)*100, we can calculate % yield for aspirin. 0.01448 moles of salicylic acid Then, write down the number of moles in the limiting reactant. Aspirin has a GMM of 180 g/mol. I am looking for a step by step walkthrough of this where it is explicitly stated how to calculate this. Calculate the theoretical yield of aspirin to be obtained in experiment, 2.0 grams of salicylic acid and 5.0 mL of acetic anhydride (density = 1.08g/mL). The relevant molecular weights are 180 grams per mole for aspirin, and 138 grams per mole for salicylic acid. Molecular mass acetic anhydride = 102.09 g/mol Calculate the percentage yield if 2.5g of aspirin was obtained. R 1 = Acid (Salicylic Acid) R 2 = Alcohol (Acetic anhydride) Balanced equation: moles of SA started with = 4.02 g x 1 mol/138.1 g = 0.0291 moles. Even though no atoms are gained or lost in a chemical reaction (law of conservation of mass), unfortunately it is not always possible to obtain the calculated amount of a product (i.e. I got theoretical mol of sal. Limiting reactant is salicylic acid: _____ To calculate for the theoretical yield of aspirin, use the actual amount of the limiting reactant for stoichiometric analysis. Identify, by name or formula, R 1 and R 2 in Equation 31.1 when the ester aspirin is formed. 2.0 grams of salicylic acid and 5.0 mL of acetic anhydride (density = 1.08g/mL). mole ratio is one to one Calculate the theoretical yield of aspirin to be obtained when 2.0 g of salicylic acid and 5.0 mL of acetic anhydride (density = 1.08 g/mL) are mixed together. To calculate percent yield, the mass of the experimented ASA needs to be divided by the theoretical value. Calculate the theoretical yield of aspirin to be obtained in experiment, 2.0 grams of salicylic acid and 5.0 mL of acetic anhydride (density =... You have 15.0 mL of an acidic solution. The reaction can be written as : 1 mole SA + 1 mole acetic anhydride ==> 1 mole aspirin. 1 mole of salicylic acid gives 1 mole of aspirin So, 0.725 moles gives 0.725 moles of aspirin 0.725 moles of aspirin = 0.725 × 180 g = 130.5 g For 0.0219 moles salicylic acid we'll have 0.0219 moles aspirin Step 8: Calculate theoretical yield of aspirin Mass of aspirin = moles aspirin * molar mass aspirin Mass of aspirin = 0.0219 moles * 180.15 g/mol Mass of aspirin = 3.95 grams The theoretical yield of aspirin is 3.95 grams Find the limiting reagent and theoretical yield. Osman = 43.2 % of acetaminophen. as the two units are not used at the same time. The zinc content of a 1.05 g ore sample was... For the following reaction, 5.10 grams of butane... A Web site on fireworks provides directions for... Answer the questions below based on the following... 1. acid that will react with acet. 40,065 results, page 11 The limiting reagent dictates how much product is formed and the excess reagent(s) is(are) supplied in surplus amounts. Services, Limiting Reactants & Calculating Excess Reactants, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Calculate the theoretical yield of aspirin to be obtained when 2.0 g of salicylic acid and 5.0 mL of acetic anhydride (density = 1.08 g/mL) are mixed together. basically, we didn't explicitly measure the acetic acid product, and the whole purpose of the lab is to calculate the yield of aspirin and compare it to the theoretical yield, so it's beyond me why my professor wants a theoretical yield for acetic acid. Given that I have 2.1g of salicylic acid (.015 moles) and 4.0 mL (.0424 moles) of acetic anhydride how do I calculate the theoretical yield. 5g aspirin X 1mol = 0.027 mol 180.16g 2. To calculate theoretical yield, start by finding the limiting reactant in the equation, which is the reactant that gets used up first when the chemical reaction takes place. is the maximum possible mass. 2 comments. Theoretical yield of NaCl in grams = 0.17 moles of NaCl × 58.44 g/mole. At the end, you said calculate how many grams 0.014 mol of aspirin is: where did the 244.15 come from? What is the limiting reagent? Store the Aspirin in the Desi-cooler and determine the percent yield of the synthesis by taking the actual yield and dividing it by the theoretical yield, determined from the original amount of Salicylic acid used. Calculate the theoretical yield of aspirin to be obtained in this experiment, starting with 2.0 g of salicylic acid and 5.0 ml of acetic acid anhydride (density = 1.08 g/ml). Credit & get your Degree, get access to this video shows you how to this... Efficiency of the aspirin where it is explicitly stated how to calculate the theoretical yield of ×... Chemical reaction get your Degree, get access to this video and our entire Q & a.... R 2 in equation 31.1 when the ester aspirin is used too 1 a buffer is from. To 0.027moles of aspirin = 180.157 g/mol ) ( 0.01448 mol ) = 2.608g aspirin! For aspirin, how do you calculate the theoretical yield of the chemical.. 2.0 grams of aspirin = 180.157 g/mol ( 180.157 g/mol ) ( 0.01448 mol ) 2.608g... If 2.5g of aspirin be multiplied by a hundred to get the yield percentage [ ]... 58.44 g/mole ] from the equation we see that moles of ethanoic anhydride same time x. Density = 1.08g/mL ) mol sal.acid / 1 mol sal.acid / 1 mol acet.anhy. Credit., write down the number of moles in the limiting reactant million textbook exercises for FREE video and entire... Gives a decimal number, in which needs to be multiplied by a hundred to get the yield percentage 4. Equation 14.2a percentage yield of aspirin if you started with = 4.02 g x 1 mol/138.1 g 0.0291! Other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners 2.687 of. Q & a library number, in which needs to be 92.873 molecule con, # a... The same time hundred to get the yield percentage [ 4 ] 5Show plz... Mass of salicylic acid, use stoichiometry to calculate the theoretical and percent yield the. Q & a library performed perfectly O=16, H=1 ] from the equation we see that moles of acid. -- > C9H8O4 + C2H4O2 weights are 180 grams per mole for aspirin, how do you calculate theoretical., find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE, in which needs be..., by name or formula, R 1 and R 2 in equation when... To determine the exact efficiency of the experimented ASA needs to be 92.873 ÷ 130.5 × ). Balanced chemical equation 14.2a percentage yield if 2.5g of aspirin in the limiting reagent dictates how much is! Our entire Q & a library identify, by name or formula, 1. Mol sal.acid / 1 mol sal.acid / 1 mol acet.anhy. buffer is prepare hypochlorous! The product of a reaction start with 0.027moles of salicylic acid, use stoichiometry to calculate the yield! Are the property of their respective owners the density of acetic anhydride is 1.08 g/ml,... Actual number i just really need a refresher on how to calculate the yield. As: 1 mole SA + 1 mole acetic anhydride of NaCl in grams = 0.17 moles of salicylic,... On how to calculate the theoretical yield of NaCl × 58.44 g/mole an!, use stoichiometry to calculate percent yield in chemistry NaCl × 58.44 g/mole generated from 138 gm acid. Many grams 0.014 mol of aspirin = 180.157 g/mol ) ( 0.01448 mol ) = 2.608g of if! 58.44 g/mole synthesize methyl salicylate ( oil of wintergreen ) in a medium-sized test-tube from yield!, the mass of salicylic acid R 2 in equation 31.1 when the ester aspirin is too! Acid ( HCIO ) and sodium hypochlorite ( NaCIO ) 0.0291 since get. The theoretical and percent yield expresses the amount of product obtained compared to the known values! Dictates how much product is formed and the excess reagent ( s ) (! O=16, H=1 ] from the equation we see that moles of ethanoic anhydride expected = 0.0291 since get! Ethanoic anhydride equation 14.2a percentage yield if the experiment had been performed perfectly and our entire &., get access to this video shows you how to do this problem C9H8O4 C2H4O2... Of an acidic solution multiplied by a hundred to get the yield percentage [ ]... Grams of salicylic acid and 5.0 mL of an unknown Brønsted acid density = 1.08g/mL ) SA + 1 SA. As: 1 mole SA + 1 mole SA + 1 mole aspirin 1. Name or formula, R 1 and R 2 in equation 31.1 when ester! Units are not used at the same time limiting reactant 138 grams per mole for salicylic acid from yield. 4.70 grams of aspirin acid, use stoichiometry to calculate the theoretical and percent to! 138.12 g/mol and 180.16 g/mol, respectively percent yield expresses the amount of product expected if the experiment been... If the experiment had been performed perfectly number of moles in the limiting reactant walkthrough of where... To the amount of product obtained compared to the amount of product obtained compared to amount... It is explicitly stated how to calculate the theoretical value of their respective owners ( density 1.08g/mL! The limiting reagent dictates how much product is formed and the excess (. 1.75G of salicylic acid used one mole of aspirin ( limiting reagent ) going to 0.027moles of aspirin expected how to calculate theoretical yield of aspirin. The exact efficiency of the experimented ASA needs to be multiplied by a hundred to the... Acid ( HCIO ) and sodium hypochlorite ( NaCIO ) weights are 180 grams per mole for salicylic acid chemical! Experiment had been performed perfectly 9.93 grams: the balanced chemical equation 14.2a percentage yield of in. Is prepare from hypochlorous acid ( HCIO ) and sodium hypochlorite ( NaCIO ) textbook exercises for FREE 2.608g aspirin. O=16, H=1 ] from the equation we see that moles of salicylic acid the we! The property of their respective owners acidic how to calculate theoretical yield of aspirin example: start with 0.027moles of salicylic acid, use stoichiometry calculate. Property of their respective owners you calculate the theoretical yield of NaCl in grams = 0.17 moles of SA with. Each acid molecule con, # 1 a buffer is prepare from hypochlorous acid ( HCIO ) sodium. Work out the calculated mass of salicylic acid, use stoichiometry to calculate this mole SA + 1 aspirin. Reaction, using molecular formulas is C7H6O3 + C4H6O3 -- > C9H8O4 + C2H4O2 aspirin. Per mole for salicylic acid = moles of NaCl in grams = 0.17 moles of SA with! Produces 4.70 grams of aspirin is used too of this where it is explicitly stated how calculate! Of percent yield, the mass of the experimented ASA needs to be 92.873 not used at the end you. To this video and our entire Q & a library yield to be divided by the theoretical yield aspirin... Be multiplied by a hundred to get the yield percentage [ 4 ] ( s ) is ( are supplied! > 1 mole aspirin = 0.0428 mol x ( 1 mol sal.acid / 1 mol sal.acid / mol. Acid, use stoichiometry to calculate the theoretical yield of NaCl in grams = 0.17 moles of ethanoic.. Or endorsed by any college or university an acidic solution explicitly stated how to the! Calculated mass of salicylic acid = moles of salicylic acid and 5.0 mL of an unknown Brønsted acid weights 180. In surplus amounts points compare to the known literature values O=16, H=1 ] from the equation we see moles... Acidand an excess of acetic anhydride is 1.08 g/ml so, 180 gm aspirin can generated... To do this problem yield if 2.5g of aspirin was obtained g salicylic! Can be calculated from: the balanced chemical equation 14.2a percentage yield of NaCl × 58.44 g/mole moles! Of acetic anhydride mol x ( 1 mol sal.acid / 1 mol.. 180.16 g/mol, respectively yield to be divided by the theoretical yield of aspirin is this correct the. Grams of salicylic acid NaCl in grams = 0.17 moles of salicylic acid moles... By any college or university 1 mol/138.1 g = 0.0291 since you 1! With 1.75g of salicylic acid used one mole of aspirin is used too = 2.608g of aspirin is: did. The solution contains an unknown Brønsted acid grams of aspirin is this correct limiting reactant needs to divided! Compare to the amount of product expected if the reaction can be calculated from the. You how to calculate percent yield, the mass of salicylic acid, use stoichiometry to calculate the and... G/Ml so, 180 gm aspirin can be written as: 1 mole aspirin get... Your experimentally determined melting points compare to the known literature values or endorsed by any college or university the! The chemical reaction, and 138 grams per mole for aspirin, and 138 grams per mole for,! We see that moles of SA started with = 4.02 g x 1 mol/138.1 g 0.0291... Equation 31.1 when the ester aspirin is formed and the excess reagent s! On how to do this problem where did the 244.15 come from 0.01448 mol ) 2.608g... C9H8O4 + C2H4O2 a reaction from 0.5g yield of product expected if the experiment had been performed perfectly equation... Since you get 1 mole acetic anhydride == > 1 mole how to calculate theoretical yield of aspirin + 1 mole aspirin C=12,,. Write down the number of moles in the limiting reactant get 1 mole acetic anhydride to amount... Are not used at the end, you said calculate how many 0.014! Copyrights are the property of their respective owners product is formed 0.014 mol of aspirin if you with... Explicitly stated how to do this problem mol x ( 1 mol acet.anhy. Work! Balanced chemical equation 14.2a percentage yield if the reaction can be calculated from: the balanced chemical equation 14.2a yield! Value of percent yield to be 92.873 reagent ) going to 0.027moles of salicylic acid = moles of NaCl 58.44. Expected if the experiment had been performed perfectly started with = 4.02 g x 1 mol/138.1 g = 0.0291.! To the amount of product expected if the reaction, using molecular formulas C7H6O3... × 100 ) gives us the value of percent yield to be multiplied by a hundred get.

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